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7.99  ANTIQUARIAN WHALING BOOK.   Clifford Ashley, “The Yankee Whaler,” 2nd Edition, 1942, Halcyon House, Garden City, New York.  Hard cloth cover, 156 pages of text, with an additional 111 glossy pages of photographs, sketches and paintings.  Many color plates.  Originally published in 1926, just 2 years after the loss of the last square-rigged whaler, this book offers a detailed first-hand account of the whaling industry in its waning days.  The name Clifford Ashley is synonymous with whaling at the turn-of-the-last century.  Not only was Mr. Ashley a prolific writer, he was an accomplished photographer and a well-listed professional artist.  He was also an avid collector of whaling memorabilia at a time before such collecting was not yet in vogue.  He was one of the first to privately own and document the existence of the earliest dated American scrimshaw – that of Frederick Myrick on the whaleship SUSAN.  Other books contain Ashley’s work, but this stands out as his masterpiece.  Good overall condition.  The end pages are toned and the title page is slightly foxed.  The spine and cover are sound and all pages are bright and legible.  Perfectly acceptable for a book ¾ of a century old!  89

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9.65  DRAUGHTSMAN’s SET.   Award winning French architectural/mechanical drafting set from the mid-19th century.  This fully complete high quality drawing instrument set bears a label in the lid proclaiming the award “MEDAILLE  D’ ARGENT Marque de Fabrique EXPOSITION DE PARIS 1867.”  It is comprised of 17 instruments in 3 tiers.  The central velvet-lined tray contains 12 superb drawing instruments.  It lifts out to reveal an ivory parallel ruler, an ivory sector, a boxwood French curve and a right triangle in the bottom compartment.  In the lid is a celluloid protractor calibrated down to ½ degrees.  The instruments in the tray are complete and original, including an ivory-handled pen, a complex ivory-handled compass, a proportional divider and much more.  All are set in their lovely rosewood case with decorative brass string inlay in the lid and the original box lock with skeleton key.  The case measures 9 ¼ inches wide, 5 inches deep and 2 inches thick.  The condition is absolutely excellent considering this full set is a century and a half old!  695




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9.52   POCKET COMPASS.  Very nice 19th century gentleman’s traveling compass of French manufacture.  This precision instrument is all brass with a polished glass crystal covering the silvered brass compass card within.  The rose is marked with the cardinal and intercardinal points of the compass and is divided in degrees around the periphery by 2’s, marked in 20 degree intervals.  There is also an engraved arrow pointing NNO (North Northwest, 344 degrees West or a “negative declination”) indicating true north vs. magnetic north at the time the compass was made for use in North America.  The fine steel compass needle with agate pivot is blued on the southern point and silvered on the north.   It overlies a large black rotating arrow which is set by revolving the bottom of the knurled case.  This can be used to mark a bearing or set a course.  The compass needle, the rotating arrow, the cardinal points and the point of variation are all marked with their old luminescent paint for night use.   A second complication is in the form of the caging device which locks the compass needle into place when not it use.  It is operated by a small knob at the 9 o’clock position.  The bottom of the brass case exhibits an unusual delicate interlocking diamond pattern. This hand compass is pocket watch size and has a classic bow and loop at the “S” position just like a pocket watch.  Exactly 2 inches in diameter and 2 3/4 inches tall overall.  Lovely original condition showing genuine age and careful use.  The compass is lively and accurate.  129


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22.30  VERY EARLY ANEROID BAROMETER.   Important English barometer made shortly after the time of its invention.  This rare, surviving example has a silvered brass dial with unusually fine markings showing atmospheric pressure calibrated in inches of mercury form 27.7 to 31.3.  Subdivisions are in 2/100 increments marked in 10ths.   The semi circular scale is augmented by the weather indications “STORMY, Much Rain, Rain, CHANGE, Fair Set Fair, and VERY DRY.”  The readout is indicated by the delicate blued steel needle.  The center of the dial is marked “ANEROID BAROMETER.”  Below the center is the curved mercury thermometer identified as “FAHRENHEIT’S THERMOMETER.”  The degree scale ranges from 6 to 140 degrees calibrated in 2 degree increments marked by 20’s.  A gilt reflector ring encompasses the dial, set in an elaborately-tooled brass bezel over the glass.  The solid brass case is a thing of beauty, retaining its bright brass finish.  The back is marked with a logo of an anchor flanked by the initials “DC.”  A small aperture is on the right for setting and calibrating the instrument.  For hanging it is equipped with a pivoting brass loop at the top.  Excellent condition throughout with expected very minor flaws.  The  dial is original and untouched.  Both the barometer and thermometer functions are lively and accurate – amazing considering this barometer is approximately 160 years old!  Museum quality.  595

In Edwin Banfield’s reference book, “Barometers Aneroid and Barographs,” 1985 Baros Books, Wilshire, England, the author depicts a barometer on page 15 with the caption, “Fig. 9 Early aneroid barometer by E. J. Dent, Paris, c. 1848,  (Science Museum, London).”  The dial with it small, plain calibrations  is seen to have a curved mercury thermometer reading “FAHRENHEIT’S THERMOMETER.”  In addition, it has an unusual stippled brass bezel ring encircling the dial which is identical to the example offered here.   Of added note, it does not have the typical set needle seen in a majority of later barometers.

The mercury-in-glass thermometer was invented by physicist Daniel Fahrenheit in Amsterdam in 1714.  By 1724 Fahrenheit had developed a temperature scale using ammonium chloride and ice to set a “0” point, and ice forming on still water as “32.”  A third point of calibration was “96,” the temperature of human blood.  Further refinement of the scale eventually determined the latter to be “98.6.”

Soon after the invention by Fahrenheit, a Swedish scientist, Anders Celsius, devised the Celsius scale in 1742.  It used 2 points of calibration, “0” for freezing water and “100” for boiling water.  Although Celsius gained quick acceptance in most countries, England continued to use Fahrenheit until the 1960’s, and it is still used in the U.S. today. 

It is a testament to the very early origins of this barometer that the maker saw fit to “personalize” the thermometer by referring to it as “Fahrenheit’s,” thus differentiating it from the more recent Celsius. Scale of the time.


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