West Sea Company

16. Other Antiques

Prices in U.S. Dollars are in GREEN



16.06   EARLY BATTLE SWORD.  Authentic French-made short sword made by the firm “TALALBOT F(fils) PARIS” as stamped at the base of the blade.  The poincon (stamp) and arsenal cartouche are just above the maker’s mark.  This fearsome weapon is the model 1831 Foot Artillery Sword patterned after the iconic Roman double-edge “Gladius.”  It has a substantial corrugated brass grip terminating in a peened oval pommel.  The cross guard is decoratively embellished with concentric circles on either end and is stamped “532.”   The heavy duty two-edged blade has a substantial fuller running its entire length  It measures  25 inches long overall and the blade is 19 inches long by 1 ¾ inches wide.   Overall condition is excellent.  The blade in particular is in good condition.   To be sure it has a dark age patina, but it is not corroded or pitted like all of the other examples we have researched.  Both edges are surprisingly sharp and free from nicks or losses. 295

A similar sword in poor condition is currently listed on eBay with a Buy It Now price of $393.

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16.07  CHINA TRADE FRAME/MIRROR.  Absolutely exquisite 19th century mirror within a frame hand-crafted from a large single piece of camphor wood by an expert wood carver.  The mirror is encircled by an oval frame intricately-carved with foliate designs, flowers, birds and recurring “commas” on its inner edge.  Three panels display cherry blossom buds while the top panel depicts a perched bird.  Two smaller birds flank it just below on either side.  Of important note is the fact that the carving is not only done in high relief, it is also reticulated throughout with more than 100 cut-outs!  The execution of this masterful carving really defies description.  The mirror itself measures 9 1/8 by 6 ½ inches and the frame 15 ¾ by 10 ¾ inches.  A metal hanger is installed on the back.  Near perfect original condition.  A scarce, functional relic from the West’s second half of the 19th century trade with China.  A beautiful addition to any home regardless of its décor.  199


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16.64

16.64  POSTAL SCALE.  Genuine early 1900’s English scale as used in Britain to determine  postage costs by weight.  This all brass balancing scale is stamped on the balance beam “MADE IN ENGLAND WARRANTED ACCURATE.”  It features hard steel wedge pivots in the center and on each end.  The inverted heart-shaped frame is provided with a pointer to indicate the balancing point.  The balance beam is cleverly double pivoted to insure the weighing platforms remain horizontal during use.  The unit is mounted to its solid mahogany base on 4 rubber feet.  It is complete with all three brass weights which rest neatly in felt-lined recesses.  The weights are marked “1/2 OZ, 1 OZ and 2 OZ” respectively.  Excellent condition.  Fully functional and accurate.  The brass surfaces are in there original lacquered finish with light age spotting.  179


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16.04  GLOBE INKWELL.  Early 19th century English-made inkwell in the form of a terrestrial globe.  This ingenious device is not a toy.  It is made primarily of brass with a hand-blown glass insert.  The globe is made in the traditional manner using oblong paper “gores” on the brass orb.  The upper hemisphere hinges open on a spring-loaded clip to reveal a domed brass inkwell cover.  A brass lever operated by a push bottom locks the globe closed.  Raising the inner cover, also held by a spring-loaded clip, reveals the glass inkwell within.  The cork-lined cover keeps the ink sealed within the glass well.  The inkwell itself is in fine, working condition.  The surface of the globe shows expected surface wear and soiling, however the upper hemisphere is not directly alignment with the bottom half, which is flat at the South Pole for obvious stability reasons.  2 ½ inches in diameter.  Geographical features indicate the globe dates to circa 1850.  On the American continent, no cities are shown east of the Mississippi and California is shown as being Mexico.  395

Similar globes are currently offered on the Internet for as much as $995.


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16.91  TERRESTRIAL GLOBE for the ENGLISH MARKET.   Scarce 4th quarter 1800’s terrestrial globe of Belgium manufacture, with the important appeal of having been made for the English speaking market.  This classic old globe is signed in the maker’s cartouche located south of Australia, “GEOGRAPHICAL INSTITUTE OF BRUSSELS New Physical Political Globe Published by MERSBACH & FALK Brussels, 1881.”  The inscription is encircled by an iconic Victorian era “belt” as a border.  This finely manufactured representation of the earth was made in the traditional manner with lithographed gores overlaying a stiff globular core.  Details include major cities, territories and states, along with major geographical aspects such as mountain ranges and ocean currents. It measures 11 ½ inches in diameter and stands 2 feet tall.  The turned ebonized base with blue faux leather covering on the bottom measures 9 inches in diameter.  It mounts the sphere on a turned wooden column holding a thick brass support in crescent form which allows the globe to turn freely.  This antique globe is in amazing original preservation. It was obviously highly revered and carefully displayed.  It is in near mint condition.  Perhaps the only apology is that the varnish which covers and preserves the surfaces has discolored slightly with age.  Otherwise this rare, 135 year old world globe is perfect!  995 Special PackagingBack to Top


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16.99  P.O.W. BOX.   Exquisite late 18th century straw work box as crafted by the gifted French prisoners detained in British prisons during the Napoleonic War era, from 1775 through 1806.  Perhaps at no other time in history was the confluence of time and skill more accentuated.  In their own humble way these anonymous prisoners of war produced items of the most exquisite one-of-a-kind output of the finest European craftsmen rivaling the likes of Fabergé a century later!  This particular example is composed of a wooden chest elaborately embellished on all surfaces with the most incredibly fine straw laminations.  The work embodies both scenery and geometric designs.  The top of the box depicts a classic 18th century seaport village with topsail schooner on the shore.  The detail is incredible!  It is enhanced by decorative geometric and floral inlays. Opening the hinged lid reveal the interior marked by a circular dockyard scene flanked by two lidded trays with intricate elongated diamond scenes.  Removing the carved bone securing pin releases the full drawer below.  It is beautifully embellished with geometrical patterns.  Two of the four bone drawer knobs on the front decorate faux drawers, adding to the symmetry and character of the box.  Incredibly, after 200+ years, this box still has it original box lock and striker plate with diamond-shaped key escutcheon!   Condition overall is very nice.  The lid was originally equipped with simple snipe hinges which have been replaced by more traditional brass hinges.  The exterior shows some minor loses and wear.  These can certainly be expected of such a fragile piece of this age. The interior is virtually perfect.  Simply amazing!  939

A large proportion of the French prisoners in English prisons were skilled craftsmen dedicated to their artistic specialties.  They were experts in producing quality works of art for their country when the French output of such objects d’art was at its zenith.  Yet they were summarily conscripted to fight in Napoleon’s army against the British.  In particular, the French Provence of Dieppe was noted for its skilled ivory carvers in the 1700’s.  Given the months and years that these men were incarcerated, it is little wonder they ultimately produced some of the finest “folk art” handicrafts ever made.

Few of these exquisite and quite scarce early examples of the French P.O.W.’s output have come to market recently.  But of those that have sold, prices far exceed what we are asking here.

On August 7, 1988 R. W. Oliver Auctions of Kennebunk, Maine offered the famous “Lloyd Collection” of Prisoner of War Artifacts for sale.  In that auction lot number 220 was described as a “Strawwork Box with hinged lid with scenes of buildings on both sides and interior divided in to compartments which are decorated in building and floral motifs. 3 ¼ by 10 by 7 in. ($750-850).  A copy of the Lloyd Collection catalog will be provided to the buyer.


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16.02  P.O.W SPINNING JENNY.  Authentic late 18th century or very early 19th century automaton known as a “spinning jenny,” made by the gifted French prisoners detained in British prisons during the Napoleonic War era, from 1775 through 1806.    Characteristic of these marvelous whimsies, this example is made entirely of beef bone.  It features a woman in a period bustle dress with huge bonnet sitting at her spinning wheel.  This elaborate presentation has 2 tiers connected by finely-turned bone columns.  The top tier shows the lady at her wheel sitting in a fancy chair with two decoratively-carved bone columns, a windmill and a rotating spool for taking up the yarn.  Below is the “engineroom” of this automaton with its two cogged wheels operated by a hand-crank and an ingenious mechanical movement which provides realistic movement to the figure above.  When rotating the hand crank the spinning wheel turns, the lady lifts her arm and turns her head.  At the same time the windmill revolves.  All of this is mounted to a single turned bone pedestal on a circular base.  This genuine old example is in an amazing state of original preservation, with no repairs and no damage, and is in working condition.  5 ½ inches high, 2 3/8 inches wide and 2 5/8 inches front to back inclusive of the crank.  1475

An elaborate P.O.W. spinning Jenny was sold by the Skinner Auctions on March 4, 2012.  While it was not functional, it contained many interesting elements which exceeded the complexity of this offering.  7 x 5 x 3 inches.  Nevertheless, it sold for $16,590.

Disclaimer:  We certify this object is in original condition and functioning as it was originally constructed, as shipped by us.   However, being over 200 years old and obviously fragile, we cannot guarantee its sustained performance.  Our recommendation is that its use be kept to a minimum and enjoyed for the delight to the eye it is… much like collectors of fine antique watches and clocks keep their valued possessions in non-running status.


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16.03  P.O.W SPINNING JENNY.  Authentic 18th century or very early 19th century automaton known as a “spinning jenny” made by the gifted French prisoners detained in British prisons during the Napoleonic War era, from 1775 through 1806.  Characteristic of these marvelous whimsies, this example is made entirely of beef bone.  It features a woman in period bustle dress with huge bonnet sitting at her spinning wheel.  This elaborate presentation has 2 tiers connected by finely-turned bone columns.  The top tier shows the lady at her wheel sitting in a fancy chair with two delicately-carved bone columns supporting a spinning wheel and a rotating spool for taking up the yarn.  Below is the “engineroom” of this automaton with its two cogged wheels operated by a hand-crank and an ingenious mechanical movement which provides realistic movement to the figure above.  Rotating the hand crank clockwise, the spinning wheel turns and the lady turns her head.  A second line leads to a spindle at the end of the platform.  All of this is mounted on a solid bone base with 4 feet and decoratively rope-carved and polychromed border matching the upper tier.  This genuine old example is in an amazing state of original preservation, with no repairs, no damage and is in working condition.   4 ¼ inches high, 2 ¼ inches wide and 2 inches front to back inclusive of the crank.  1375

Disclaimer:  We certify this object is in original condition and functioning as it was originally constructed, as shipped by us.   However, being over 200 years old and obviously fragile, we cannot guarantee its sustained performance.  Our recommendation is that its use be kept to a minimum and enjoyed for the delight to the eye it is… much like collectors of fine antique watches and clocks keep their valued possessions in non-running status.


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16.04  P.O.W. PARTS.   Genuine 18th century beef bone carvings made by French prisoners in British prisons during the Napoleonic Wars.  These delicately-carved objects defy imagination in their incredibly precise execution.  Included are a beautifully-reticulated spinning wheel, several columns, a crank handle, a baleen piece, and a pedestal for a spinning wheel among others.   Total, one dozen individual items. The lot  48

 

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16.03  CIRCULAR GLASS TABLE TOP.  Custom-made heavy glass table top measuring 50 inches in diameter with amazing heft of ½ inch thick!  This substantial table top has rounded polished edges and is in perfect original condition with no chips, cracks, scratches or flaws of any kind.  Guaranteed.   It would make an ideal covering for a ship’s wheel table or other high quality circular table top requiring this impressive size and thickness.  A $1500 value.  475


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16.98  EARLY AEROPLANE PROPELLER.   Real, wooden airplane propeller from the 1930’s.  This beautiful example of high tech craftsmanship from its era consists of 5 laminated sections of hardwood, likely maple or birch, finely sculpted to precise aerodynamic form.  Each leading edge of this 2-bladed propeller is reinforced with a brass facing attached by numerous rivets, while the final 11 inches of each tip are surfaced in brass as well.  The wooden prop is decorated with the winged “SB” logo on both arms and is impressed “SENSENIC” on one side and “HP 65 RPM 2350” on the other.  The central hub has a six-bolt pattern and a 2 inch diameter opening.  The hub itself is 6 ½ inches in diameter while the prop measures exactly 6 feet in length.  Absolutely beautiful original condition with no damage, only a great old surface indicating years of actual airborne service.   895 Special PackagingBack to Top

After 3 years of research and development the Sensenic brothers founded their company in 1932 to produce airplane propellers.  This example is one of their very earliest production.  Note that it is for an airplane of only 65 HP!  In 1941 the company opened a new plant to produce propellers for America’s war effort.  By 1942 the Sensenic Company was the largest manufacturer of aircraft propellers in the world.


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16.67


16.67  IVORY COMPACT.  Mid-1800’s or earlier lady’s traveling make-up case in the form of an oval make-up compact.  This beautifully constructed compact is made of ivory and silver with a very nice gilt brass hinge cast with a detailed scene depicting a winged griffin, pot of flowers and an attendant monkey!  The top, side and bottom of this compact are constructed of thin ivory beautifully embellished with recurring scalloped designs and oval scribes.   3 ½ by 2 ½ inches and 1/2 inch thick.  Interesting old repair on one edge.  A very nice early piece! 

ex.  Sotheby’s Parke Bernet


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16.96  HEAVY HAND BELL.  Exceptional quality and condition, 19th century hand bell as used by town criers and school marms in the 1800’s.  This finest quality example is made of high grade silver alloy bronze with a thick wall bell and equally substantial brass clapper and hanger – one of the nicest we have ever seen..  Attesting to its superlative quality the top is equipped with a stout turned rosewood handle capped with its old brass nut.  The bell is 5 ½ inches in diameter,  stands 9 ¼ inches high and weighs an impressive 2 ½ pounds.  It provides an unbelievably loud clear tone with a sharp clear pitch!  Very audible at a great distance.  Outstanding original condition in all respects with a very nice age patina.  Of the scores of hand bells we have offered in 35+ years (many for more money), this is certainly the nicest.  Priced to sell   A $400 value.  195


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16.95  ANTIQUE BAMAJUANA.   Genuine early hand-blown greenish glass vessel used to store and transport tequila in Olde Mexico.  This bottle was blown in Spain or Portugal and then exported to Mexico, because Mexico did not have the facilities for such glass blowing in the 18th and early 19th centuries.  According to the attached certificate of authenticity, this bottle is number 12 of 19 discovered by an American on a rancho while traveling deep in the heart of Mexico.  The certification comes with an official gold seal stating “Certificado Genuina de Antiquedad  -- Instituto de Objectos Antiquos . Mexico.”  This imposing bottle has numerous inclusion, bubbles and irregularities belying its great age.  It measures 17 ½ inches tall, 13 inches wide and is 9 ½ inches thick.  Outstanding original condition with absolutely no cracks, chips or flaws.   199  Special Packaging


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16.94  BLACK FOREST CARVING.   Delightfully decorative, yet functional, wall carving consisting of a 19th century English aneroid barometer housed in an elaborate deep-carved wooden frame.  The brass-cased aneroid barometer is of standard form with a silvered brass dial reading in inches of barometric pressure from 26 to 31 calibrated in 2/100th increments.  At the bottom it is marked “ENGLISH MAKE.” It features a fine blued steel indicator needle overridden by a brass set needle attached to a knurled brass knob through the beveled glass crystal.  The incredible richly carved hardwood surround features two squirrels with rabbit-like ears flanking the barometer.  Both squirrels hold acorns and are perched on branches with abundantly-carved oak leaves in high relief.  Surrounding the barometer is a carved French horn with trumpet bell supporting a realistically-carved leather saddle bag!  This expertly-carved presentation stands 19 inches tall by 14 ½ inches wide.  Amazingly, it is in virtually perfect original condition, and the barometer is functional and accurate.  A most charming wall display at a very reasonable price!  895   Special PackagingBack to Top


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16.56 EARLY LIVERPOOL JUG. Genuine late 18th century creamware "Herculaneum" pitcher. This lovely old example bears 3 distinctive transfers. The obverse is decorated with the delightfully endearing scene of a pub owner offering a mug to a willing recipient restrained by his wife. The comedic caption reads, "Come come my old buck here's the liquor of LIFE. Which drives away sorrow and reconciles strife. It cures scolding women. Your wrong reply'd Nell. Your wife as a drunken scold does most excel." The reverse shows a surprisingly detailed map of the earth surrounded by classical figures including Lady Britannia and a sunburst. It is entitled "The World in Planisphere." Under the spout is the poem, "Succefs To the Plough. The Fleece and the Pail. May the Landlord Ever Flourish. And the Tenant Never fail." It is surrounded by vignettes depicting farm implements. This wonderful example of early English pottery measures 10 inches high and 9 3/4 inches across from spout to handle. The graceful handle is noteworthy in that it is particularly stout and has contoured edges. There is a tiny professional repair to the very tip of the spout and as expected there are a couple of minor hairlines in the bottom. Overall this jug must be rated as being in outstanding original condition. Circa 1790. Price Request Special PackagingBack to Top

Telling of the age of this jug, the spelling of the word "Succefs" is with the early form f as an "s." Further, the world map of North America shows a blank Pacific Northwest, indicating it was yet unexplored.


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16.29 MAP OF AMERICA. Original very early 19th century (War of 1812 era) map entitled "AMERICA." This extremely detailed engraving depicts the North and South American continents with portions of Europe and Africa shown as well. Despite its grand scale, great pains were taken by the engraver to identify towns, geographical and topographical features. Interestingly, much of the northern territories, which had yet to be explored, were left blank. The map was carefully hand colored providing a decorative as well as informative presentation. Of particular note in dating this map is the Florida Territory which is shown as a separate country from the United States (under Spanish control) identified as "W. Florida" and "E. Florida." The Louisiana Territory is simply identified as "Louisiana." And the area west of the "Stony Mountains" (Rockies) is referred to as "New Albion!" This early map measures 19 3/4 inches wide by 17 3/4 inches sight and is signed lower right, "J & G Menzies, Sculpt." It is mounted under glass in a carved antique wooden frame with gilded highlights measuring 26 1/2 by 24 1/2 inches overall. It is in excellent overall condition, with expected minor flaws and some toning to the paper. A scarce and quite important decorative piece of Americana from the Federal period, at least 185 years old! Ideal for office or den. Price Request Special Packaging

1803 - The United States purchased from Napoleon the territory of Louisiana for $15,000,000. Upon concluding the purchase Robert Livingston, America's Minister to France, said of the transfer, "We have lived long, but this is the noblest work of our whole lives ... From this day the United States will take their place among the powers of the first rank..."

1819 - American Secretary of State John Quincy Adams and Spanish Minister Luis de Onis reach an agreement finally ratified by both nations in 1821, by which Spain gives the United States title to East and West Florida. The United States relinquishes its claims to Texas, and Spain assigns its rights in the Pacific Northwest to the U.S., leaving ownership of the Oregon Territory to be settled among the United States, Russia, and Great Britain.


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16.92  ANTIQUE TERRESTRIAL GLOBE.     Beyond excellent, American-made world globe by “Rand McNally & Co.” as marked on the oval maker’s cartouche in the North Pacific.  This very detailed world globe was constructed in the traditional manner using chromolithographed paper gores overlaying a spherical plaster core.  The quality and detail of this globe are unsurpassed for its size.  Details include named locations of countries, major cities, provinces, states, mountain ranges, lakes, rivers and world temperature gradients.  It also includes a continuous line around the world showing the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn and the figure 8 “Analemma of Time” depicting the sun’s declination throughout the year.   Owing to on-going geo-political changes, most globes do not bear a date which would otherwise make them “obsolete.”   But this one does!  On the 90th Meridian in the South Pacific it is marked, “Copyright, 1902, Copyright, 1891 by Rand, McNally & Co.”  In keeping with the style of the time this terrestrial sphere is mounted on its ornate floral Art Nouveau metallic base with an antique gold finish.  The entire presentation stands 14 inches tall to the top of the brass finial.  The heavy cast metal base is 6 ½ inches in diameter.  This globe is in absolutely remarkable, untouched original condition for its age exhibiting expected age toning.  Guaranteed to be over 100 years old!  989


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16.88  IMPORTANT CANDLEABRAS.   Exquisite matched set of early 1800’s French ormolu and gilt bronze candelabras mountedatop heavy alabaster pedestals.  Each candleholder set is comprised of 5 radiating cups with another cup mounted higher in the center.  Each cup is ornately decorated with floral motifs and sprays.  The multifunctional center cup is designed to hold a sixth candle or serve as a crowning finial in the form of an ornate floral bouquet.  Each candelabrum is supported by a seated puti holding these large torches.  The gilded bronze pedestals on which they are seated are mounted atop solid alabaster columns bound in bronze set on heavy tripod floral bases with acanthus leaf embellishments.  The underside of each base contains a wooden insert secured with a square nut.  Evidencing their age the wood exhibits some old telltale worm holes – a good sign of 19th century French exposure.  Each presentation stands 22 inches tall overall and 10 ½ wide at the widest.   The bases measure 6 ½ inches wide.  Outstanding original condition with untouched surfaces.  A remarkable set worthy of the finest home or institution. Price Request  Special PackagingBack to Top


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16.83  TERRESTRIAL GLOBE.  Genuine 19th century world globe made by the respected French makers LeBegue & Cie as signed in the maker’s cartouche near the equator in the Eastern Pacific, “GLOBE TERRESTRE J. Lebegue & Cie., Editeurs, 36, Rue de Lille, 36, Paris.”  This 10 inch diameter globe is made in the traditional manner using a plaster of Paris sphere overlaid by chromolithographed paper “gores.”  As expected from these noted makers, the detail is exquisite showing countries, major cities and topographical features such as mountains, lakes, and rivers, along with ocean currents, major trade routes and of course the equator and Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn.  Interestingly, the continent of Antarctica, yet to be discovered, is not shown, as is the north of Greenland.    This globe is supported by its most charming original cast iron stand in antique bronze finish with lion paw feet decorated with mascaroons.  The top of the globe is crowned by a nice brass acorn finial.   18 inches high overall.  The condition is generally excellent.  The surface of the globe is original and bright with no evidence of restoration.  There are a few minor scuffs and discolorations expected of an object such as this over 120 years old.  But if anything the condition adds to the appearance of this antique which is circa 1890. 1195 Special PackagingBack to Top  

J. Lebègue & Cie, Paris are listed as “Publishers late nineteenth century.”  (Elly Dekker and Peter van der Kroght, “Globes From The Western World,” 1993, Zwemmer, Philip Wilson Publishers, Ltd., London).


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16.82  CIVIL WAR CANNON MODEL.   Vintage, historically accurate, precisely detailed scale model of the most effective cannon used by the Union Army during the Civil War.   Known as the “Napoleon,” in homage to Napoleon III (nephew of the famous general/monarch), ruler of France in1848, the cannon fired a 12 pound projectile.  This example is a ¼ scale exact replica of the original 12-Pounder.  Originally designed to actually fire using black powder, it was made in Spain by “HIGJOS DE F. ARIZAGA EIBAR” and is impressed “SPAIN” on the top of the barrel near the trunnions.  It features a perfect solid brass barrel 13 ¼ inches long with a bore of  ¾ inch.  It is mounted to its sturdy hardwood carriage with brass and metal fittings.  This realistic cannon is complete with ALL of its accessories including, elevating gear, recoil stop on one wheel, 2 bore brushes, two hinged ammo boxes with 4 lead cannon balls, towing gear and associated hooks and handling devices.  In particular the carriage wheels supporting this cannon are things of beauty with their brass-bound wooden hubs, shaped wooden spokes and brass rims attached with miniature studs secured by nuts.  This handsome cannon measures 28 ½ inches long overall by 13 inches wide.  The wagon-type wheels have a diameter of 11 ¾ inches.  Outstanding original condition in all respects!   Price Request Special PackagingBack to Top

The 12 pound smooth bore cannon known as the “Napoleon” was the preferred close range artillery piece in the Union Ordnance arsenal because of its safety, reliability and killing power.  This type of cannon, developed in France, did not reach America until 1857.  Up until that time, the lighter gauge 1841 model 6-Pounder had been used effectively by the Americans in the Mexican War.  Recognizable because of the flare in the end of its barrel, known as “muzzle-swell,” the 12-Pounder was the last bronze gun used in the American Army.
A similar model, cast of steel with surface rust and pitting sold at the Leland Little Auction, Hillsborough, NC in September 2011 for $1,207.50.

FIREARM CAUTION

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16.71

16.71  MINIATURE CANNON.  Commemorative brass cannon on a cast iron carriage with an applied embossed brass plaque reading, “FORT  TICONDEROGA  NY.”  The bottom of the carriage is marked “1/0 18 MFCO.”  3 inches  long.  Excellent original condition with a nice age patina.  Circa 1930.  49

Fort Ticonderoga is located on the shores of Lake Champlain, on the New York, New Hampshire border overlooking Vermont’s Green Mountains.  This remote outpost on Lake Champlain guarded the narrow water highway connecting New France with Britain's American colonies. Whichever nation controlled Ticonderoga controlled the continent.  During the American Revolution Fort Ticonderoga was the scene of America's first major victory in its struggle for independence and the United States' northern stronghold which protected New York and New England from British invasion via Canada.

In 1755, during the French and Indian War, the British pushed north into traditionally French territory. In response Governor-General Vaudreuil in Québec ordered Michel de Lotbinière to construct a fort south of Crown Point that would cover the portage between Lake George and Lake Champlain. Construction of Fort Carillon began that Fall and continued for the next four years.

In 1759 British General Jeffrey Amherst laid siege to Fort Carillon. Losses elsewhere in New France had left the garrison ill-equipped, so the French abandoned the fort after blowing up the powder magazine. Amherst repaired the fort and renamed it Ticonderoga.  Then construction of a new British fortress at Crown Point was begun.

At the outbreak of the American Revolution in 1775 Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold lead an attack on the Fort Ticonderoga with a small band of "Green Mountain Boys," capturing it from the British in an early morning raid on May 10th.  This was only three weeks after Lexington and Concord and was America’s first victory in the Revolutionary War.


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16.66


16.66  CORK SCREW.  Genuine, early 19th century cork screw with a turned bone handle.  The handle is plugged with a turned bone cap on one end and is fitted with a bristle brush for dusting off a wine bottle.  The handle is fastened by a small circular retainer with hole attached to a stout metal support.   The “working end” consists of a corrugated disk atop a helical cork screw.  Good, old condition.  A portion of the screw tip has broken off from use but is still quite functional.  

ex. Paul Madden Antiques, Sandwich, Massachusetts. 


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16.17 NUT CRACKER. Charming late 19th C. hand-carved German nutcracker of Black Forest origin. This cleverly contrived and beautifully executed device is in the form of a realistic bear with inset "bean" eyes. The bear's mouth effectively cracks smaller nuts whereas a carved recess at the rear, under the lever, accommodates larger nuts such as walnuts. This intricate, two piece carving is made from a dense dark hardwood, probably walnut. Detailing is very realistic. Excellent original condition with no chips or cracks and a lovely age patina.  7 inches long.  250

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