West Sea Company

5. NAVY, USLHS, USLSS & Military

Prices in U.S. Dollars are listed in GREEN.

 



5.25/13.10  U.S. NAVY CHRONOMETER.  A stellar example of the incredible achievements in science and industry accomplished in the 20th century.  This is THE Hamilton marine chronometer!  It is a full size ship’s navigational timekeeper of 2 days duration with a silvered brass dial engraved, “HAMILTON Lancaster, PA., U.S. (N) 8740” dated “1941.”  It features Arabic numerals and a minute chapter swept by black spade hands.  The subsidiary seconds bit over the 6 is calibrated in single seconds marked by 10’s.  The Up/Down winding indicator at the “12,” shows 0 through 56 hours since winding.  The state-of-the-art 14 jewel movement is a thing of beauty with damascened nickel silver plates, helical hair spring and Hamilton’s  innovative Elinvar balance with large timing weights.  A miraculous innovation in chronometry – Elinvar was anti–magnetic, not affected by variations in temperature!  This chronometer has a spring détente escapement and of course, a chain-drive fusee.  The back plate is engraved, “Model 21, 14 jewels, HAMILTON WATCH CO. Lancaster, Penn.”  The top plate is engraved “2E8470” matching the dial number.  This example also has Hamilton’s unique “brake lock” device which eliminated the traditional need to “cork” the balance for shipment.  The movement is contained within its solid brass tub with spring-loaded dust cover protecting the winding arbor.  The knurled brass bezel with silvered reflector ring has a perfect beveled glass crystal.  All of this is slung in gimbals having a knurled gimbal lock.  The assembly is contained in Hamilton’s classic 3-tier mahogany box, fully brass-bound with button latches, lid stays and folding drop handles.  The front of the box bears the brass maker’s tag reading “HAMILTON WATCH CO. Lancaster, PS., U.S.A.”  The inner box measures slightly over 7 ½ inches cubed.  The chronometer itself is just under 5 inches in diameter.   An added important value of this offering is the fact that this chronometer is housed in its original hardwood outer carrying box with padded green felt lining in perfect original condition and bearing the identical Hamilton brass maker’s plaque.  The outer box measures 12 ¾ inches wide, 10 3/8 inches deep and 9 3/8 inches high.  Price Request Special PackagingBack to Top

The Hamilton Watch Company deserves a special place in American horological history.  Long known as a producer of fine quality pocket and wrist watches from the 1800’s into the early 20th century, the climate changed with the onset of WWII.   To their credit, Hamilton, which had never produced a chronometer before, stepped up to design and ultimately manufacture over 12,000 of its exquisite Model 21 chronometers.  Even more remarkable is the fact that they did it in a very short period of time, while maintaining the very demanding U.S. Navy specifications.  In  doing so, the company drew heavily on the advances of its European competitor Ulysee Nardin.  But not content to merely copy, Hamilton pushed the envelope.  Their chronometer was made with interchangeable parts and incorporated state-of-the-art innovations in metallurgy which greatly improved the performance and maintenance of their chronometers in the wartime setting.  To this day the Hamilton Model 21 U.S. Navy chronometer stands at the pinnacle of ship chronometers ever made!



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5.76   U.S.  COAST GUARD BAROMETER.   Very scarce, highly sought after World War II or earlier ship’s aneroid barometer made for the “U.S. Coast Guard” by “Taylor. Rochester. NY” as marked on the bottom of the silvered brass dial.   It is calibrated in inches of mercury from 25.5 to 31.5 in 2/100th increments marked by tenths and showing the standard weather indications “RAIN, CHANGE, FAIR.”   It is further marked “Compensated” (for temperature).  The black indicator needle clearly points out the precise reading.  The dial, with enamelled brass reflector ring, measures 4 ½ inches across.  The open face provides an interesting aspect of the high quality movement within.  A small aperture on the back is provided for adjusting the reading and a pivoting brass suspension ring is attached to the top of the case for hanging.  The solid brass case in its original finish measures 5 ¼ inches in diameter and is 2 3/8 inches thick.  Outstanding original condition in all respects and extremely accurate.  The quality of this instrument is superb, built to wartime standards, as necessitated by the rigors for which it was intended.  Was $449 NOW! 249


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5.28/13.11  U.S. NAVY PT BOAT WATCH.   The famous World War Two 35 size chronometer watch Model 22, made by the "Hamilton Watch Company of Lancaster, PA, U.S.A." for the U.S. Navy as marked on the white enameled dial.  This state-of-the-art timekeeper was issued to Navy PT Boats and other ocean-going craft requiring accurate "over the horizon" coastal navigation.  It is the exact type of watch used on Lieutenant Kennedy's famous "PT-109," which was re-discovered just a few years ago!  It features Arabic numerals, seconds bit, blued steel hands, and an UP/DOWN winding indicator showing a 56 hour duration.  It is stem wind and pin set, meaning it has an innovative safety feature at the 11 o'clock position -- a pin which must be depressed in order for the watch to be set, assuring no inadvertent time changes while winding.  The lovely state-of-the-art 21 jewel movement has damascened nickeled brass plates marked "HAMILTON WATCH CO., Model 22 - 21 Jewels, Adj. to Temp. and 6 Pos., Made in U.S.A., U.S NAVY BU. SHIPS-1942."  It is contained within its original base metal case marked "KEYSTONE" with protective snap fit inner dust cover and outer screw-on cover engraved "BUREAU OF SHIPS U.S. NAVY (N)5569-1942 CHRONOMETER WATCH."  This deck watch is housed in its original padded solid mahogany 2-tier chronometer watch box with viewing port and button latch. The inner box is housed in its original padded outer mahogany carrying case with leather strap, button latch and nickeled brass nameplate reading "HAMILTON WATCH CO. LANCASTER, PA, U.S.A."  This box measures 9 inches wide by 8 1/4 inches deep and 3 3/4 inches high. Condition is outstanding inside and out with nominal signs of wear and use.  It is an excellent time keeper.  Price Request 

In his very informative reference book "Military Timepieces" AWI Press, 1992, Marvin Whitney devotes several pages to the Hamilton 22, 35 size non-gimbaled chronometer watch.  On page 396 he states "The design characteristics which contributed most to the superior performance of this watch were: 1) An unusually long mainspring; 2) A biaxial thermal expansion type balance wheel equipped with chronometer type timing weights; and 3) a cam type micrometeric regulator."  In short, a superior timekeeper in all respects.


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5.24  EARLY U.S. NAVY CLINOMETER.  A museum piece!  A rare Naval relic which was produced immediately following the American Civil War.  It is embodied in a large functional mechanical inclinometer.  The scale is beautifully hand-engraved in the most handsome script “U.S. Navy Yard Washington 1871.”  This impressive device is made of thick solid brass mounted onto its original solid teak backboard.  The precisely calibrated scale indicates degrees of heel (or list) port and starboard from 0 – 35 in single degree increments, marked by 5’s.  The ingenious construction of this instrument allows the heavily weighted brass plumb bob to pass over the scale while being damped in its motion by the secondary articulated bob above.  This  clever arrangement allowed a real time read-out of the ship’s stance at the moment of observation, without deflection or vibration. The instrument itself measures 20 inches high by 11 ¼ inches wide.  Its backboard  is 23 ½ inches tall by 11 ¾ inches wide.  Excellent original condition in all respects.  There is no such relic better preserved!  2879



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5.28/13.11  U.S. NAVY PT BOAT WATCH.   The famous World War Two 35 size chronometer watch Model 22, made by the "Hamilton Watch Company of Lancaster, PA, U.S.A." for the U.S. Navy as marked on the white enameled dial.  This state-of-the-art timekeeper was issued to Navy PT Boats and other ocean-going craft requiring accurate "over the horizon" coastal navigation.  It is the exact type of watch used on Lieutenant Kennedy's famous "PT-109," which was re-discovered just a few years ago!  It features Arabic numerals, seconds bit, blued steel hands, and an UP/DOWN winding indicator showing a 56 hour duration.  It is stem wind and pin set, meaning it has an innovative safety feature at the 11 o'clock position -- a pin which must be depressed in order for the watch to be set, assuring no inadvertent time changes while winding.  The lovely state-of-the-art 21 jewel movement has damascened nickeled brass plates marked "HAMILTON WATCH CO., Model 22 - 21 Jewels, Adj. to Temp. and 6 Pos., Made in U.S.A., U.S NAVY BU. SHIPS-1942."  It is contained within its original base metal case marked "KEYSTONE" with protective snap fit inner dust cover and outer screw-on cover engraved "BUREAU OF SHIPS U.S. NAVY (N)5569-1942 CHRONOMETER WATCH."  This deck watch is housed in its original padded solid mahogany 2-tier chronometer watch box with viewing port and button latch. The inner box is housed in its original padded outer mahogany carrying case with leather strap, button latch and nickeled brass nameplate reading "HAMILTON WATCH CO. LANCASTER, PA, U.S.A."  This box measures 9 inches wide by 8 1/4 inches deep and 3 3/4 inches high. Condition is outstanding inside and out with nominal signs of wear and use.  It is an excellent time keeper.  Price Request 

In his very informative reference book "Military Timepieces" AWI Press, 1992, Marvin Whitney devotes several pages to the Hamilton 22, 35 size non-gimbaled chronometer watch.  On page 396 he states "The design characteristics which contributed most to the superior performance of this watch were: 1) An unusually long mainspring; 2) A biaxial thermal expansion type balance wheel equipped with chronometer type timing weights; and 3) a cam type micrometeric regulator."  In short, a superior timekeeper in all respects.


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5.22 /13.05   EARLY U.S.  NAVY BOAT CLOCK by WALTHAM.  Very scarce World War I vintage clock made for the U.S. Navy by the Waltham Clock Company.  The black brass dial reads “WLATHAM  U.S. NAVY Boat Clock .”  It has bold silver Arabic numerals swept by silver spade hands of a minute chapter.  A subsidiary seconds bit is is over the 12.  It shows single seconds marked by 10’s.  The winding arbor is above the 6.  The high grade jeweled movement is all brass and is housed in its heavy solid brass case with classic ship’s clock flared bezel and mounting flange.  The back of the case is embossed “Waltham - - Clock Co.”  It measures 4 7/8 inches in diameter and 2 ½ inches deep.  It is in lovely cosmetic condition with a high polish and has just recently been professionally serviced and is an excellent time keeper.  8 day movement, complete with period winding key.  795



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5.21  U.S. COAST GUARD  BULKHEAD BAROMETER.  Extremely scarce, very highly sought after World War II or earlier ship’s aneroid barometer made for the “United States Coast Guard” by “Taylor Rochester. NY” as boldly marked on the face of the silvered brass dial “U.S. COAST GUARD.”  This precision weather instrument is calibrated in atmospheric pressure indicating inches of mercury from 25.5 to 31.5 in 2/100th increments marked by tenths and showing the standard weather indications “RAIN, CHANGE, FAIR.”   It is further marked “Compensated” (for temperature).  The simple black indicator needle is overlaid by the brass set needle attached to a knurled brass knob running through the glass crystal.  The dial, with silvered brass reflector ring, measures 4 ½ inches in diameter.  The open face provides an interesting view of the perfect high quality movement within.  Most such barometers had a spun brass case with a suspension ring at the top for hanging.  But this exceptional example has a heavy solid brass flanged case, indicating it was hard-mounted to the bulkhead in the pilot house or chart room of a U.S. Coast Guard cutter.  The case is in its original bright brushed brass finish and measures 6 ½ inches on the flange by 2 3/8 inches thick.  The flange has three holes for mounting.  A small aperture on the back is provided for adjusting the reading.  Outstanding original condition in all respects and extremely accurate.  The quality of this instrument is superb, built to wartime standards, as necessitated by the rigors for which it was intended. 495

(see item 5.05)



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5.19  WORLD WAR II PRE-INVASION CHARTS.    Two authentic World War II pre-invasion charts produced in anticipation of the invasion of the Japanese mainland.  The first of the two shows a wide raging topographical view of the region encompassing Tokyo.  It is entitled “TOKYO BAY AREA,” dated Dec 1944 and is marked “Restricted.”  The second is a very thorough and detailed map of the Tokyo area and lands to the north.  This map identifies many potential targets in the legend.  It is undated and untitled, identified only as “FROM H.O. AVIATION CHART V3 SERIES, REVISION “A.””  Both charts measure 12 inches square and are in virtually perfect original condition, noting only a couple of very minor age spots.  95


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5.10 / 21.08  QUARTERMASTER’s TELESCOPE.   Absolutely finest quality telescope made for the U.S. Navy early in World War II.  This hand-held spyglass is marked “U.S. NAVY SPYGLASS QUARTERMASTER MARK II, 16 POWER BU. SHIPS 1942 HAYWARD LOS ANGELES” on the ocular.  The long tapered barrel extends to the state-of-the-art objective, 2 ½ inches in diameter.  It is housed in a very clever hexagonal rubber protector (removable) which prevented the lens from being cracked if the telescope was dropped or rolled off a table.  The barrel retains its factory- wrapped covering, woven on both ends with decorative Turk’s head knots encircling the barrel.  The telescope is housed in its original hardwood box with hinged lid and pivoting brass lock closures.  The telescope itself measures 30 ¾ inches long and its box measures 32 inches long by 5 inches wide and 5 inches thick.  The front of the box bears the embossed brass maker’s label reading “U.S. NAVY SPYGLASS Quartermaster Mark II 16 Power. Bu. Ships, Hayward Lumber and Inv. Co., Los Angeles.”  This telescope and its original wooden box are in remarkable, virtually mint condition after 75 years!  The superb optics produce a highly magnified image of jaw dropping quality!  Certainly the best such example we have seen in our nearly 40 years in this business.  Ideal as a retirement gift or simply as functional home or travel item.  795

A local competitor is offering a lesser Navy telescope in non-original condition for $995.

The same telescope offered here, mounted on a tripod and without the original box, has been offered by various dealers at prices of $2,500 and more.

(See item 21.85)



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5.41  U.S.L.H. SERVICE POURER.  Genuine 19th century lamp oil can made for the U.S. LIGHTHOUSE ESTABLISHMENT” and maintained by the “U.S.L.H. DEPOT LAMP SHOP 3. DIST STATEN ISLAND NY” as stamped under the spout.  This very substantial 2 gallon container is of all brass construction with a riveted stout reinforced for pouring lamp oil into the sump of a lighthouse lamp.  It is equipped with a heavy bail handle with turned mahogany grip.  To aid in pouring a secondary cup-shaped brass handle is attached to the base.  The pourer is vented to provide a smooth flow and has a tight press-fit filler cap with retaining chain.  This significant tool of an 1800’s lighthouse keeper was used before electricity.  It is in original unpolished condition.  13 ½ inches tall by 14 inches wide at the widest.  The base is 9 inches in diameter.   The spout evidences some minor service repairs.  Importantly it exhibits careful use and no abuse as expected of such an essential device used in the government’s crucial lifesaving services of the era.   A rare museum piece! Price Request Back to Top


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5.62   LIGHTHOUSE and LIFESAVING SERVICE STEREO CARDS. A pair of genuine antique stereo cards with desirable subject matter.  The first sepia-toned double image is identified as being that of the “Life-Saving Station, near Cliff House, San Francisco, California, U.S.A.” and is signed “Underwood & Underwood, Publishers.”  The second is a chromolithographed original stereoscopic photograph entitled, “The Lighthouse Station at Hong Kong China” and is signed “Copyright. 1903. Kawin . and. Co.”  Both cards are in standard format and size, measuring 7 by 3 ½ inches.  Condition of both is good, noting some surface soiling, but importantly, no damage or losses.  Very rare subject matter.  99 /both


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5.05  U.S. COAST GUARD BAROMETER.  Very scarce, highly sought after World War II or earlier ship’s aneroid barometer made for the “United States Coast Guard” by “Taylor Rochester. NY” as marked on the bottom of the silvered brass dial.  It is calibrated in inches of mercury from 25.5 to 31.5 in 2/100th increments marked by tenths and showing the standard weather indications “RAIN, CHANGE, FAIR.”   It is further marked “Compensated” (for temperature).  The simple black indicator needle is overlaid by the brass set needle attached to a brass knurled knob running through the glass crystal.  The dial, with bright brass reflector ring, measures 4 ½ inches across.  The open face provides an interesting aspect of the high quality movement within.  A small aperture on the back is for adjusting the reading and a pivoting brass suspension ring is provided at the top of the case for hanging.  The solid brass case is in its highly polished bright bronze finish and measures 5 ¼ inches in diameter and is 2 3/8 inches thick.  Outstanding original condition in all respects and extremely accurate.  The quality of this instrument is superb, built to wartime standards, as necessitated by the rigors for which it was intended.  449



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5.08  LIFESAVING SCENES.  1850 or earlier artistic depictions of various lifesaving scenes and apparatus contemporaneous to the period.  A total of 11 vignettes very precisely depict the various aspects, each captioned below the image.  It is entitled “APPARATUS FOR SAVING LIFE IN CASE OF SHIPWRECK.”  The end of the page is marked “LIFE SAVING PLATE CVI” and was produced by “Blackie & Son London. Glasgow & Edinburgh."   These engravings are of superb quality with the finest detail, bearing scrutiny under magnification printed on high quality stock.  6 ½ by 9 ¾ inches.  Outstanding original condition.  Very rare and highly desirable subject matter depicting the infancy of lifesaving techniques.   Perfect for framing.  59


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5.27 U.S. LIGHTHOUSE SERVICE FLASK MEASURE.  Extremely rare, highly sought after, 19th century example of a lighthouse keeper’s equipment used in the course of duties maintaining his sentinel.  This authentic veteran of that noble service is made entirely of brass and bears the stamped mark on the front of the spout “U.S. LIGHTHOUSE ESTABLISHMENT.”  It is further marked on the bottom “U.S. LIGHTHOUSE (ESTABLISHMENT)” the latter being faintly impressed.  The circular spun brass body has a rolled, reinforced handle riveted to it for pouring.  The body of the measure is scribed with lines starting at the bottom, marked “1 PTS.” upward to “3 QRTS” for a total of 6 graduations.  The interior is tinned to resist corrosion and exhibits a dark gray patina.  This large flask measures 10 3/4 inches high by 6 ¾ inches in diameter at the base and 8 ¼ inches wide overall.  Condition is excellent and original with a nice age patina, noting just a few very minor dents of no consequence.  A lovely, genuine lighthouse object from the 1800’s.   1969

In 1789 Congress passed an Act creating the United States Lighthouse Establishment (USLHE) which was operated by the Department of the Treasury.  The Act also transferred ownership of all existing U.S. lighthouses to the government.  In 1852 the United States Lighthouse Board was created, which dissolved the prior administration of lighthouses under the Treasury Department's Lighthouse Establishment.  The board consisted of six senior naval officers governing 12 lighthouse districts, each having a Naval inspector who was charged with building lighthouses and maintaining their good working order.  The Lighthouse Board immediately began its duties by installing Freznel lenses in all newly-built lighthouses.  The Board also oversaw the construction of the first lighthouses on the West Coast.  By the Civil War, all U.S. lighthouses had Freznel lenses.  In 1886, electricity was tested to illuminate the Statue of Liberty.  Thereafter the lighting of the statue was the Lighthouse Board's responsibility.   It remained such until 1902, when the “modern age in lighthouse illumination” began.  In 1900, the Lighthouse Board started converting lighthouses to electric service.

In 1910, the Board was dissolved in favor of a civilian run “Lighthouse Service.”   It is uncertain as to when the exact time line was drawn between the existence of the U.S. Lighthouse Establishment and the U.S. Lighthouse Service.  Both terms for the agency seemed to have been used interchangeably in the second half of the 19th century.

In 1939 the U.S. Lighthouse Service itself was formally disbanded and merged with the U.S. Coast Guard.

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5.03  U.S. LIGHTHOUSE SERVICE BAROMETER.  Genuine late 19th century aneroid barometer made for the United States Lighthouse Service by the respected early French firm of Paul Naudet, Paris as marked on the lower center of the dial “PNHB” and again stamped on the back of the case.  This precision instrument contains the highest quality barometer mechanism available at that time.  It registers atmospheric pressure on the enameled paper dial with a the wide range spanning 25 inches of mercury to 32 inches, marked in tenths and sub-divided to 2/100ths.  The reading is indicated by a thin blued steel needle which is overlaid by a brass “set needle” connected to a knurled knob to record a prior reading.  The dial is marked “MADE IN FRANCE” at the top and “U.S.L.H.S.” at the bottom along with the notation “HOLOSTERIC BAROMETER (PNHB).”  The beveled glass crystal is housed in its rolled brass bezel with silvered reflector ring.  The solid brass case is remarkable in that it is wall-mounted with 3 attachments versus the more typical ship application using a pivoting suspension loop – an obvious indication of its terrestrial use in a lighthouse.  There is an aperture on the back for adjusting the reading.  5 ¼ inches wide overall and 2 1/8 inches thick.  Outstanding original condition, very accurate, showing just enough good age.   A real rarity amongst barometers!    895

Provenance.
   From the holdings of Jack Low, New York City, son of Max Low, famed nautical chandler and clock maker to the U.S. Navy during World War II.  The Low Company purchased the existing inventory and business rights of T.S. & J.D. Negus in 1962.


U.S.L.H.S.  In 1789 Congress passed an Act creating the United States Lighthouse Establishment (USLHE) which was operated by the Department of the Treasury.  The Act also transferred ownership of all existing U.S. lighthouses to the government.  In 1852 the United States Lighthouse Board was created, which dissolved the prior administration of lighthouses under the Treasury Department's Lighthouse Establishment.  The board consisted of six senior naval officers governing 12 lighthouse districts, each having a Naval inspector who was charged with building lighthouses and maintaining their good working order.  The Lighthouse Board immediately began its duties by installing Freznel lenses in all newly-built lighthouses.  The Board also oversaw the construction of the first lighthouses on the West Coast.  By the Civil War, all U.S. lighthouses had Freznel lenses.  In 1886, electricity was tested to illuminate the Statue of Liberty.  Thereafter the lighting of the statue was the Lighthouse Board's responsibility.  It remained such until 1902, when the “modern age in lighthouse illumination” began.  In 1900, the Lighthouse Board started converting lighthouses to electric service.

In 1910, the Board was dissolved in favor of a civilian run “Lighthouse Service.”   It is uncertain as to when the exact time line was drawn between the existence of the U.S. Lighthouse Establishment and the U.S. Lighthouse Service.  Both terms for the agency seemed to have been used interchangeably in the second half of the 19th century.

In 1939 the U.S. Lighthouse Service itself was formally disbanded and merged with the U.S. Coast Guard.


PNHB.  The first practical aneroid ("without liquid") barometer is generally attributed to Parisian, Lucien Vidie in 1843, who was awarded an English patent for his device in 1844.  Vidie's patent rights expired in 1859, allowing other makers to produce instruments.  The most successful makers in France were Naudet, Hulot & Cie, who reportedly made 20,000 instruments between 1861 and 1866.  (1)

Another reference to the firm was made by Middleton who states, "...there were several makers soon after the patent expired in 1859, the most successful being Naudet, Hulot, & Cie.  According to Le Roux they made 20,000 aneroid barometers between 1861 and 1866.  They called them baromètres holostériques...  references occur in the continental literature to Naudet barometers and to holosteric barometers for the rest of the nineteenth century.  They acquired a great reputation and were widely imitated." (2)  Middleton goes on to state,  "For many purposes aneroids continued to be made - and are indeed still made - of a form very like that arrived at by Naudet, Hulot & Cie about 1860." (3)   In the Appendix is an entry for a barometer held in the collection of the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.  It reads, "230,002  A "Holosteric  Barometer- Compensated, "made by Naudet & Co. Marked on the back of the case, U.S. Signal Service" (4) indicating manufacture around the time of the First World War.

Surprisingly, little is written about the innovative and prolific Paris aneroid barometer maker, Pierre (alternatively "Paul”) Naudet, although it is known that his firm was begun in 1861 and continued producing aneroid barometers into the 1930's. 

The dating and meaning of the markings HBPN (alternatively PNHB) are less clear.  An entry for a barometer sold on eBay indicates the markings refer to "Hulot, Pertius & Naudet, Paris, barometer makers in the 1930's.  However Andy Demeter, writing about the history of the Chelsea Clock Company notes, "With the possible exception of recording barometers, Chelsea did not assemble holosteric or aneroid movements for their barometers preferring to purchase them from the legendary French maker, Pierre (alternatively Paul) Naudet.  His firm's trademark is typically found in a circle on these early barometer dials with the letters "HBPN" as an abbreviation for "Holosteric Barometer, Pierre Naudet." (5)  On page 220 a barometer dial is pictured with the caption, "1909 Pierre Naudet barometer."

1. Edwin Banfield, "Barometers Aneroid and Barographs," 1985, Baros Books, Wiltshire, England, p. 21.
2. W.E. Knowles Middleton, "The History of the Barometer," 1964, The Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore, p. 407.
3. Ibid. p. 409.
4. Ibid. p. 464.
5. Andrew Demeter, "Chelsea Clock Company, The First Hundred Years," 2001, Demeter Publications, Ltd., Boston, Massachusetts, p. 221.


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5.12  WWII RESCUE CHARTS.  Very important, and perhaps the only surviving original copies, of air rescue charts issued to American airmen in anticipation of the assault on the main islands of Japan in World War II.  These precise charts depict in graphic detail the approaches to Honsu Island near Yokosuka.  The first shows, Inubo Sari Light.  The second Cape Iro, just south of Yokosuka.  The third, Tokyo Bay itself with the center marked Suno Saki Light on the Cape of Nuoma.  These classified charts were issued to then Navy LCDR Louis Domingos who was a pilot of a Navy Hellcat fighter stationed aboard the carrier USS KULA GULF (CVE-108) in 1945.  Each of the three charts are in perfect condition.  Of much added interest is that each is personally penned with the call signs ascribed to the mission by the pilot, including “Full Holster, Palm Reader,” and “Fleas Knees.”   Each chart measures 7 ½ by 8 inches. 195

With the atom bomb attack authorized by President Truman, in early August of 1945, the long anticipated assault on the Japanese mainland was thankfully averted and the War officially ended on August 14. 1945. These documents are made even more poignant due to that outcome.



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Inubo Sari Light

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5.06  CIVIL WAR SHIP CAPTAIN’s  WASH BASIN.   Here is an incredibly rare Civil War relic from the Union Navy.  This bowl should rightfully be in a museum. But we have been fortunate enough to find it and offer it for sale.  This wash basin is not porcelain or ceramic, but actually turned out of a solid piece of alabaster!  On the front it bears the very early conjoined U.S. Navy mark from that era.  The fact that it is natural stone and not porcelain or china is of great significance to its value.  It measures 15 1/8 inches in diameter and stands 5 inches deep.  It is very study and only exhibits a couple very minor hairline cracks near the center of the bowl. 975 Special PackagingBack to Top



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5.20 NAVY BINNACLE. Imposing, solid brass, bronze and copper full-size ship's bridge binnacle from a World War II man-of-war made for the U.S. Navy by the Lionel Corporation of New York. The front bears the brass maker's tag reading:

COMPENSATING BINNACLE
MARK VII (N) 4182
BUREAU OF SHIPS
U.S. NAVY [with the Navy inspector's mark]
THE LIONEL CORPORATOIN N.Y.
1942

This massive binnacle houses a finest quality state-of-the-art double-gimbaled wet card compass marked "U.S. NAVY BU. SHIPS MARK 2 (N) 1553 1942 THE LIONEL CORPORATION N.Y." around the periphery. The card is also marked "LIONEL / N.Y. U.S.A." flanking the fleur-de-lis at the North point. The perforated brass card is marked with the cardinal and intercardinal points of the compass rose and is sub-divided in single degrees marked in 10's. Cleverly, the perforations allow the card to be backlit from below, providing the helmsman with a very clear compass course to steer at night without excessive ambient light – so crucial in "darken ship" conditions. In addition it comes with its original U.S. Navy Bu.Ships compass magnifier. It is almost unheard of that this additional working component is still present! The compass is protected by a beautiful copper and cast brass hood with glazed oval viewing port. This window hinges open at the top and remains in the open position by means of a spring-loaded latch with détente. Conversely, when closed, the window is secured by two spring-loaded latches at the bottom. The entire hood is removable, held by two brass clips on the rim of the binnacle body. Two heavy brass drop handles are in place for lifting the hood. There is a sliding door with sighting wire on the back of the binnacle (forward facing on the ship) for taking line of sight bearings or course headings. This binnacle is complete with its original, rarely-found auxiliary oil burning lantern in the top. The cast brass and copper lamp has substantial brass bails with an insulating wooden handle. The lamp fits into its heavy brass collar on the top of the hood with a positive fit. The binnacle pedestal itself has the typical "arms" which support the quadrantial correcting spheres (colloquially known as the "Navigator's Balls"). The front has a locking sliding door which opens to reveal the complex system of magnetic compass adjusting magnets inside. There is also a provision for electrification of indirect lighting below the compass, as previously noted. This binnacle stands 60 ½ inches tall overall and 33 inches wide. The thick circular bronze base is 17 inches in diameter, and the entire presentation weighs more the 250 pounds. A few of the original minor parts such as caps, screws and accessorial fittings are missing. Otherwise this binnacle is in excellent, fully restored condition. The compass is perfect. Price Request Special PackagingBack to Top



side
helmsmans view

compass
magnet assembly

lamp

lamp components

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5.61  EARLY NAVY GUN CREW LITHOGRAPH and GENUINE BUCKET.  Authentic late 19th century color print of a U.S. Navy gun crew live firing a deck gun.  This genuine stone lithograph is signed lower right by J. O. Davidson, the noted marine artist from Nyack, New York.  It depicts a gun crew on an early Navy battle cruiser firing a breech loaded deck gun.  Four crewmen and an officer attend the gun as a gunner’s mate cautiously pulls the firing lanyard.  Smoke from an earlier salvo surrounds the scene and a swab, bucket and ramrod lay on the wooden deck.  This action packed scene is in lovely original condition with the colors crisp and vivid.  It is additionally signed upper center Copyrighted 1892.  It measures 9 by 11 inches and is matted under glass in its original gilt-lined wooden frame measuring 17 ½ b7 21 ¾ inches.  A genuine 120 year old color lithograph at a bargain priced. What is awesome is that it comes with a period relic depicted in the scene.  It is a leather and wood dowsing bucket, otherwise known as a “swabbing bucket,” which was used to swab the barrel of such a gun after firing, before charging it with a subsequent powder round.  This early relic of Naval gunnery is of heavy leather construction with a brass reinforced rim impressed “ORD. DEPT. W. N. Y. 1889 (then the Navy inspector’s mark of an anchor) W. M. F.”  The bluish green bucket with red interior has a circular-sewn leather bottom reinforced with wood.  A leather handle with brass attachments is provided for carrying.   15 inches in diameter on the bottom tapering to 13 inches on the top.  The bucket stands 12 inches tall exclusive of the bail handle.  Original condition showing actual use.  The bucket is no longer water tight, but it would make a “dynamite” waste basket!  1495/both


bucket
interior

bottom
inscription

print
image

signature
back

 

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5.99  IDENTIFIED SAILOR HAT.  Most scarce early 1900’s seaman's hat from the famous World War I British battleship, HMS BARHAM as indicated on the silk hat ribbon in bold gold letters.  This bowler style straw hat was professionally made with the rim exhibiting a finely sewn tan cloth edge.  The top bears a beautifully hand-embroidered compass rose in gold thread.  The interior liner is also hand-sewn.  12 inches long by 11 inches wide.  Amazing original condition for such a delicate item, considering it about 100 years old!  449

The Queen Elizabeth class British battleship HMS BARHAM (pennant number 04) was laid down in February 1913, launched October 31, 1914 and commissioned October 19, 1915.   She had a length of 643 feet and displaced 33,000 tons.  Her main armament was eight 15 inch guns.  Her crew numbered 1,150.

On May 31st and June 1st, BARHAM participated in the famous Battle of Jutland off the coast of Denmark.  The ensuing battle between the heavily armored and heavily gunned vessels of the Royal Navy and the Imperial German Navy is widely regarded by Naval historians as the final classic battle between surface combatants.  BARHAM fired 337 shells and received 5 hits during that action.  This hat is from that era.

In the intervening period between world wars BARNHAM was extensively modernized.  At the outset of World War II she operated in the Atlantic and Mediterranean, sustaining damage from a German submarine torpedo attack in December 1939 while operating in the North Sea. The ship again saw action on September 25, 1940 when she engaged the French Battleship RICHELIEU, which struck her with a 380mm shell off the coast of Senegal. Returning to the Mediterranean, the ill-fated ship took part in the Battle of Cape Mattapan in March, and incurred bomb damage off Crete in May.

On April 21, 1941 BARHAM attacked Tripoli harbor in company of battleships WARSPRITE and VALIANT and the cruiser GLOUCESTER.

On November 25, 1941, while screening an Allied offensive on Italian convoys, BARHAM was struck by 3 torpedoes fired in rapid succession from German submarine U-331.  The brutal attack caused the ships magazines to explode, whereupon she quickly capsized to port and sank taking two thirds crew of her crew with her.

News of the sinking was not made public in Britain until January of 1942. Incredibly, the instant of BARHAM’s sinking was captured by an overlying British aircraft.  Subsequently the film was used in several movies and war documentaries.

 

TOp
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ship
EXPLOSION

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5.25 EXTREMELY IMPORTANT HISTORICAL COLLECTION "USS BEAR." This is an incredible find, consisting of the original signed, dated and identified telescope used on board the USS BEAR during the Greeley Polar Relief Expedition in 1885, 2 large framed period photographs of the Brigantine BEAR and a period scratch-built model of the vessel! Also included are a number of charming original deck views with personal photographs of her last commander, Captain C. S. Cochran. Contained in the offering are several original copies of official correspondence from the BEAR dated 1921 through 1923, including a letter with Admiral Richard Byrd's name pencil signed at the top and an envelope printed "Byrd Antarctic Expedition II, S.S. Bear of Oakland" postmarked "Little America Antarctica Jan 30, 1934." There are a number of personal letters and other memorabilia from Captain Cochran including a lovely hand-engraved copper printing plate depicting the BEAR in an ice floe and reading, "Seasons Greetings, U.S. Coast Guard Cutter 'BEAR'." There is a an extensive collection of period newspaper articles from the 1920's and 30's pertaining to the BEAR. All of these genuine items have come down through the Cochran family via the late daughter of Captain Cochran, Frances Cochran Hartray.  The large hand-held telescope is a high quality 4-draw instrument with leather covered main barrel and built-in sun shade measuring 44 inches fully extended and collapsing to 12 1/2 inches long closed.  It has a pivoting eye-piece dust cover with sun filter and a perfect 2 1/4 inch diameter objective lens.  Two brass bands encircle the main tube.  The first is engraved "U.S.N. THE BEAR 1885."  The second is engraved "WILKINSON & BAXTER, BOSTON MASS."  This telescope is in outstanding working condition producing a large, highly magnified, clear image with its all original optics.  Excellent cosmetic condition noting some abrasion to the original leather coverings and evidence of use expected from a working instrument over 130 years old.   It comes complete with a custom-made shadow box display with engraved brass plaque reading "USS BEAR ARCTIC EXPEDITION 1885."

    There are two original photographs of the BEAR. The first is an albumen type showing BEAR anchored in pack ice and is signed and dated lower left, "J.M. Justice `95." The second photo shows BEAR in San Francisco Bay with Oakland in the background and two of its boats in the water, circa 1930.

    The cased model of the BEAR is of scale, museum-quality construction with even the finest details depicted.  All aspects of the ship are hand-made.  This is not a kit model!  The hull is of solid wood construction with all other components being of wood and metal.  Attesting to its quality, all of the numerous dead eyes on this model are made of ivory!  Seeing is believing. This model is truly worthy of being displayed in the finest public collection!  The ship itself measures 28 inches long, 17 inches high and 6 inches wide.  It is housed in its original glazed oak case measuring 32 1/2 inches long by 9 inches wide and 21 1/2 inches high.  A truly exceptional presentation of original items of very significant historical importance!  Sold as a group. SOLD

Built in Greenock, Scotland in 1874, the steam/sail whaler BEAR was engaged in the whaling and sealing trade out of Dundee, Scotland for eleven years.  In 1885 this proven, staunch Arctic vessel was purchased by the U.S. Navy to aid in rescuing the famous Greeley Polar Expedition. When relief efforts were successfully completed BEAR was transferred to the U.S. Coast Guard and stationed at San Francisco.  There, for over forty years she made regular annual cruises to Alaskan waters and acted as flagship for the famous explorer, Admiral Richard E. Byrd.  BEAR also acted to protect the seal fisheries and extended aid to merchant ships in distress.  BEAR was looked upon as "mother" by thousands of Eskimos in the Territorial Alaskan frontier who looked to her for protection from foreign exploitation.



byrd letter
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in the arctic
capt cochran & hector

telescope
telescope 'bear'
telescope closed

telescope maker
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in 1895
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in oakland

ship model
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5.95 U.S. NAVY SEXTANT. World War II vintage U.S. Navy standard navigational sextant with the index arm marked, "U.S. NAVY, BU. NAV., MARK II (N) 21404 – 1944 David White Co, Milwaukee, Wis." This quality instrument is all brass and features a large arc calibrated in single degrees from -5 to 145 marked by tens. It is overridden by the index arm with pinch stop and endless tangent screw micrometer read-out. One full rotation of the micrometer equals one degree calibrated to a single arc minute. The right reading vernier then allows a further reading to a precision of one arc second. This instrument is complete with both index and horizon mirrors and both polarizing index and horizon filters. The spring-loaded height adjustable sight tube holder is equipped with a knurled thumbscrew for positioning. The back of the instrument has 3 brass "feet" for placement in the box and a sculpted mahogany handle for holding while taking a sight. The index arm measure 8 ½ inches long and the large arc is 9 ½ inches wide. The original wooden box with brass furniture is constructed of laminated mahogany and is equipped with a long telescopic sight tube, 2 spare mirrors, and mirror box adjusting tool. The original box lock and striker plate are both present, as is the folding brass handle. The lid bears the labels of Negus, New York and that of the U.S. Naval Observatory dated May 1945. The front of the box also retains the oval brass maker's tag of the David White Company, Milwaukee. The box measures 11 ¼ inches square by 5 ½ inches thick. The instrument itself is in pristine, usable condition. The box is also very sound with no chips, cracks or breaks, but the surface shows several minor scratches. 695



BOX
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MAKER

CERTIFICATE
NEGUS

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5.91  U.S. NAVY BAROMETER.  Highest quality World War II ship’s pilot house barometer made for the U.S. Navy by the highly respected scientific instrument making firm of “Friez, Balitmore” as indicated on the bottom of the silvered brass dial.  The 4 ¾ inch diameter dial indicates “PRESSURE Inches of Mercury, Compensated, BuShips (N) 21437” and is dated “(19)41.”   “Compensated” means this precision instrument is adjusted for temperature error.  The finely calibrated dial indicates atmospheric pressure in inches of mercury from 27.7 to 31.3 in 2/100th increments marked by tenths.  It is housed under glass in its original black Bakelite case made by the General Electric Corp. with iconic GE logo with classic bulkhead mount on a flange measuring 6 ½ inches in diameter and 2 ¾ inches deep.  Guaranteed to be functional and highly accurate.  395

The dual bellows system employed in this barometer (as opposed to single bellows found in the vast majority of barometers) assures a positive, instantaneous reading.  The fine rack and pinion linkage coupling the movement to the indicator needle also provides a more accurate direct reading.



perspective

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5.90   U.S. NAVY MAGNIFIER.  Pristine, World War II vintage binnacle compass magnifier made for the U.S. Navy by the highly respected nautical instrument making firm of Negus, New York.  The front of the magnifier is boldly marked “U.S. NAVY BU. SHIPS MK III MOD. 0.”   This all brass precision instrument retains its original blackened finish.  The thick optical quality ground glass lens is mounted in a hemispherical brass retainer which slides along two rods allowing it to be focused at the desired distance between the compass card and the helmsman.  The instrument has 3 curved “feet” designed to rest atop the compass being magnified.  Internal springs on the rear two feet allow the magnifier to fit the face of a compass ranging from 6 5/8 to 8 inches in diameter.  The magnification provided by the glass lens is about 3X.  This factory mint specimen comes in its original machine dove-tailed pine box with sliding cover and original packing paper.  4 inches wide.  The wooden box measures 7 ½ inches long by 4 ¾ inches wide and 3 ¼ inches high.  This magnifier is unused -- preserved in the same condition it was made 75 years ago!  An amazing find, which with a little ingenuity, could be repurposed for a variety of uses in addition to the original.  195



above
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IN boX

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5.71  FAMOUS WWII COMBATANT ASHTRAY.  Very decorative very colorful, original ashtray commemorating the World War II veteran ship USS ISHERWOOD (DD-520).  This hard-fired, hand-painted porcelain ashtray bears the coat of arms in the middle depicting the ship, ancient Hero’s steam engine, the 4 winds and a clippership, all above the banner reading “SALE (sic) TO STEAM.  ”It is trimmed in a gilded rope border.  Above is the inscription ‘USS ISHERWOOD” and below “DD-520.”  The reverse is marked “Fukagaura ARITA Handpainted, Made In Japan.”This ashtray measures 6 inches in diameter and is in perfect original condition noting wear to the gold lettering.  49

USS ISHERWOOD (DD-520) was a Fletcher-class destroyer, the second U.S. Navy ship to be named for Rear Admiral Benjamin F. Isherwood (1822–1915).

ISHERWOOD was launched by Bethlehem Shipbuilding Co., Staten Island, N.Y. on November 24, 1942, and commissioned April 12, 1943 at New York Navy Yard.  She made her shakedown cruise then sailed from Boston to San Francisco in November.  From there she steamed to Pearl Harbor then on to join Task Force 94 (TF 94) in the Aleutians in December.   During the ensuing eight months she carried out antisubmarine sweeps in the Gulf of Alaska.

ISHERWOOD  sailed for Pearl Harbor on August 26, 1944 to participate in the invasion of the Philippines in October. She arrived at Manus Island on October 4th and steamed into Leyte Gulf with the assault force on October 20th, performing escort and patrol duties during the first days of the operation.   She also provided gunfire support and night illumination fire.  ISHERWOOD remained in the assault area during the famous Battle of Leyte Gulf – the last confrontation between battleships – in which the Imperial Japanese surface fleet was virtually annihilated. During November  ISHERWOOD escorted convoys from advance bases to the Philippines in support of the buildup there.

The next major invasion of the Philippines campaign was in the Lingayen Gulf.   After the Attack Force departed Manus on December 27th, the transport groups and carrier task forces were attacked incessantly by kamikazes.   But the desperate Japanese attacks could not stop the invasion.   ISHERWOOD shot down at least one suicide plane and was credited with several more assists, before arriving at the assault area on January 9, 1945.   She screened a landing craft group during the landing, and sailed for Leyte with a returning group January 11th.  On January 29 and 30 she returned to Luzon and supported the unopposed landings at San Antonio and Subic Bay.  ISHERWOOD remained in the Philippines providing antisubmarine protection and patrolling until mid-March.

ISHERWOOD sailed for the Okinawa operation on March 21, 1945; and took part in the landings on Kerama Retto preparatory to the main assault on Okinawa, which was the biggest Pacific amphibious operation of the war.   ISHERWOOD provided gun fire support for the invasion until April 16, when she was dispatched to aid the stricken destroyers PRINGLE and  LAFFEY off Il Shima, where she assumed their picket ship duties and rescuing downed airmen.

All the while the Japanese continued to mount heavy air attacks on the U.S. fleet, attempting to drive off the invasion with suicide planes.   While on station April 22nd, a kamikaze made an evening attack on ISHERWOOD crashing into the No. 3 gun mount.   One old salt described the kamikaze pilot as "a jockey riding in on a horse!"  Several fires were started by the D3A1 "Val" dive bomber and its 500-pound bomb.  But all were quickly extinguished, except for one in the depth charge rack aft.   The crew heroically fought the fire for more than 25 minutes before the charge exploded, causing great damage in the after engine room.  ISHERWOOD arrived at Kerama Retto with over 80 men killed, wounded, or missing.

The highly decorated ship received 5 Battle Stars for participation in World War II.

After the War she returned to the Atlantic for routine training duties but was subsequently
home-ported in San Diego in 1954.  She made several cruises to the Far East in the ensuing
time up to 1961, when she was decommissioned on September 11, 1961.


Emblem
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maker
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5.30 NAVY THERMOMETER. Genuine, World War II vintage or earlier, thermometer from the engineroom of a U.S. Navy ship. This handsome ship's instrument features a mercury-type thermometer affixed to a bold black scale reading in degrees Fahrenheit from 24 to 180 degrees in 2 degree increments. It is marked "Faht Temperature Scale" and is signed ""Moeller Co." Brooklyn, N.Y." The scale is housed under glass in a lovely solid bronze frame cast in relief "Trade AEM Mark" at the top. A hole has been drilled in the top for hanging, the back of which bears the serial number "6243." The protective steel probe was designed to fit into a pipe or container with a large threaded brass hex nut. The nut is prominently stamped with the Navy Inspector's mark consisting of an anchor flanked by the initials "US." 13 inches high by 2 3/8 inches wide. This identified Navy ship's relic is in outstanding original condition and registers the ambient temperature accurately. 169


DETAIL
NAVY MARK

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5.87  FAMOUS EARLY BATTLESHIP GROUPING.  Rare compilation of 3 items relating to
the Great White Fleet battle cruiser USS SOUTH DAKOTA.  This grouping consists of 2 period post cards.  The first is an original chromolithograph depicting the vessel from a port bow aspect entitled, “1292 – U.S. ARMORED CRUISER “SOUTH DAKOTA.” 800 OFFICERS AND MEN.  LENGTH 502 FEET.  MAIN BATTERY 18 GUNS.”  The reverse of the card is signed “Edward M. Mitchell. Publisher.  San Francisco.”  The second card is a genuine photograph entitled lower center “SOUTH DAKOTA” & “PUEBELO” C-203.”  These cards are the standard 3 ½ x 5 ½ format  in excellent condition.  The third item is a scarce original sailor’s silk hat ribbon embroidered “U.S.S. SOUTH DAKOTA” in gold thread on a black field.  It measures
36 inches long by 1 5/8 inches wide.  The gold thread has toned with age, but the entire presentation is in outstanding original condition.  95


detail

south dakota white fleet


South dakota & Pueblo

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